Shiprock, NM the largest Navajo community on the Navajo Nation is located 28 miles west of Farmington, NM on U.S. 64. Shiprock (Navajo: Naatʼáanii Nééz) is a census-designated place (CDP) in San Juan County, New Mexico, United States, on the Navajo reservation. Shiprock was originally named Naat'áanii Nééz (Tall Chief) after Superintendent William T. Shelton, who founded Shiprock as a government settlement for the San Juan School and Agency in 1903.
Shiprock is named after the nearby Shiprock rock formation. It is home to the annual Northern Navajo Fair, held every October. Since 1984, the community has been the host of the Shiprock Marathon and Relay. It is also home to a campus of Diné College , a tribally controlled community college with seven other campuses across the Navajo Nation. It is the site of a Chapter House for the Navajo, a Bureau of Indian Affairs agency, an Indian Health Service hospital, and a branch of Farmington Public Library.
Shiprock is a key road junction for truck traffic and tourists visiting the Four Corners, Mesa Verde, Shiprock and the Grand Canyon. The town lies at the intersection of U.S. Highway 64 and U.S. Highway 491.
The Shiprock Chapter Government of the Navajo Nation conducts monthly meetings to keep residents informed; residents have a forum to express their opinions to their Chapter Officers and Navajo Nation Council Delegate to decide on matters concerning their chapter.
Shiprock Chapter Government is a branch of the Navajo Nation government which exercise varied delegated powers and governmental authority in accordance with Navajo statutory, regulatory, and common law. The basis of local government for the Navajo Reservation, the Chapter, was initiated in 1922 as a means of improving agricultural conditions at a local level. Later the Chapter became the basic political subdivision of Navajo Tribal Government. The Chapters elect representatives to the Navajo Tribal Council, the legislative branch of Navajo government.